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Table 1 Status of implementation of the Abuja Treaty per REC

From: Determinants of trade intensity of Egypt with COMESA Countries

Stages of the Abuja treaty Stage one: 1994-1999 Stage two: 2000-2007 Stage three: 2008-2017 Stage four: 2018-2019 Stage five: 2020-2023 Stage six: 2024-2028 latest 2034
RECs Strengthening existing RECs and creation of new RECs where they do not exist Coordination and harmonization of activities Gradual elimination of tariff and non-tariff barriers Free Trade Area Customs Union Continental Customs Union Establishment of an African Common Market Monetary and Economic Union
UMA In progress Not yet Not yet This stage will be achieved when all RECs have achieved Customs Union and harmonized their respective Common External tariff (CET), with a view of creating one single continental CET This stage will be achieved when all RECs have achieved continental customs union as well as free movement of labour and capital This stage will be achieved when all RECs have achieved African Common Market at which time there will be a common currency, issued by the African Central Bank
IGAD In progress Not yet Not yet
SADC 2013
CENSAD Not yet Not yet Not yet
ECOWAS 2015
COMESA
ECCAS No date fixed
EAC
  1. Source: African Union Commission 2013, Status of Integration in Africa, Addis Ababa :African Union20.