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Table 2 Features of reciprocal relations between Filipino and Indian workers

From: Ethnic moralities and reciprocity: towards an ethic of South-South relations

Aspect of relationship Patron-client Guru-student
Currency of exchange (giver) - Material (money, livelihood) - Knowledge and skills
Obligation (recipient) - Satisfactory performance at work
- Loyalty
Benefit - Mutual (meeting personal and professional needs/aspirations of giver and recipient)
Trajectory - Friendship and further exchange of favours
Motivation - Form of regulation and control (Wong 2010)
- Altruistic