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Table 3 Migration data and schemes for Pacific Island countries and territories

From: Envisioning South-South relations in the fields of environmental change and migration in the Pacific Islands - past, present and futures

Country Sub-Region Population Stock of Emigrants Stock of emigrants as % of population Pacific Access Category (PAC) / Samoa Quota (SQ) (annual quota) Unskilled Labour Schemes Migration Opportunities
(2013) (in ‘000)
Cook Islands Polynesia 15,200 28.4* 61.4%*    Full access to NZ
Niue 1,500 9.2* 75.6%*    Full access to NZ
Samoa 187,400 120.4 67.3% 1100 RSE, PSWPS2, SWP  
(SQ)
Tonga 103,300 47.4 45.4% 250 RSE, PSWPS1, SWP  
Tuvalu 10,900 n.a. n.a. 75 RSE, PSWPS2, SWP Special deal with German merchant marine
Fed. States of Micronesia Miconesia 103,000 21.9 19.7%    Full access to USA (COFA)
Kiribati 180,800 6.4 6.5% 75 RSE, PSWPS1, SWP Special deal with German/ Japanese merchant marine
Marshall Islands 54,200 10.5 16.6%    Full access to USA (COFA)
Nauru 10,500 n.a. n.a.   PSWPS2, SWP  
Palau 17,800 8.0 38.8%    Full access to USA (COFA)
Fiji Islands Melanesia 859,200 182.2 21.3% ** RSE**  
Papua New Guinea 7,398,500 61.2 0.9%   PSWPS1, SWP  
Solomon Islands 610,800 5.4 1.0%   PSWPS2, SWP  
Vanuatu 264,700 3.9 1.6%   RSE, PSWPS1, SWP  
Timor Leste   1,066,409 n.a. n.a.   SWP  
Territory        
American Samoa Poly 66,692 45.7 66.7%    Full access to USA
French Polynesia Poly 271,831 4.2 1.5%    Full access to France
(incl. French Pacific territories)
Tokelau Poly 1,162 2.9* 65.3%*    Full access to NZ
WaIIis & Futuma Poly 13,193 n.a. n.a.    (incl. French Pacific territories)
Guam Micro 192,090 48.7 27.1%    Full access to USA
Northern Mariana Islands Micro 63,517 8.9 10.1%    Full access to USA
New Caledonia Mela 252,331 2.9 0.9%    Full access to France
(incl. French Pacific territories)
  1. Sources: for Population Data: SPC Population Data 2011 and Time Series from 1900; Migration rates and opportunity: Ware 200, information of emigrants: World Bank 2012 (except * Appleyard anf Stahl 1995); n.a. (not available) New Zealand government announced the “Recognized Seasonal Employer” (RSE) policy in October 2006 and it began in April 2007. Under RSE there are up to 8000 places available per year. Australia launched the “Pacific Islands Seasonal Workers Pilot Scheme” (PSWPS1) in Aug 2008, in September 2011 more countries were added (PSWPS2). The scheme ended in June 2012 and has been replaced by the Seasonal Worker Program (SWP), in which started on July 1, 2012 providing up to 12,000 places horticulture, accommodation providers, aquaculture venture and cotton and cane growers https://employment.gov.au/seasonal-worker-program.
  2. ** excluded for political reasons between 2007 and 2014.