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Table 1 Logistic models on stunting for children aged 6–59 months: main model and the imputed ones—Yemen, 2013

From: Correlates of child undernutrition in Yemen

Variable description Main model (missing values excluded) Models where missing values were all imputed according to imputation method
All missing children imputed as stunted All missing children imputed as non-stunted All missing values randomly imputed as stunted or non-stunted
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Mother has secondary education 0.53** 0.82 0.49** 0.56** 0.63 0.58* 0.60* 0.59**
Level of poverty (Reference: extremely poor)
 Moderately poor 0.73 0.73 0.81 0.73 0.88 0.63** 0.83 0.66*
 Vulnerable 0.70 0.66 0.80 0.66 0.81 0.59** 0.75 0.70
 Non-poor 0.63* 0.64* 0.72 0.62** 0.83 0.50*** 0.68 0.61**
Topography (Reference: mountainous)
 Arabian Sea coastal area 0.11*** 0.32*** 0.11*** 0.26*** 0.19*** 0.16*** 0.20*** 0.22***
 Red Sea coastal area 0.47** 0.53** 0.51** 0.52** 0.53** 0.51** 0.47*** 0.53**
 Plateau/desert 0.43*** 0.66** 0.40*** 0.53*** 0.50*** 0.48*** 0.51*** 0.50***
Access to agricultural land (Reference: none)
 Owner + free use 0.60** 0.68* 0.69* 0.62*** 0.74 0.70** 0.63** 0.65**
 Tenant 1.13 1.10 1.28 1.05 1.19 1.17 1.12 1.12
SWF beneficiary status (Reference: non-beneficiary)
 Long-term beneficiary 0.76* 0.87 0.75* 0.88 0.84 0.89 0.81 0.82
 New beneficiary 0.84 0.98 0.87 0.96 0.98 1.08 0.97 0.99
 Number of days per week HH members ate protein (continuous) 0.87** 0.91** 0.87*** 0.89** 0.90** 0.89** 0.88*** 0.90**
 HH has enough water for washing hands and members at least sometimes uses soap before eating or feeding a child, after using the latrine or cleaning a child’s faeces (Reference: HH has not enough water or never uses soap) 0.64*** 0.74** 0.70** 0.73** 0.76* 0.75* 0.75* 0.74**
 HH owns at least a fridge 0.49*** 0.62*** 0.51*** 0.60*** 0.64** 0.58*** 0.59*** 0.53***
 HH is located more than one hour away from the nearest health facility 0.49*** 0.60*** 0.45*** 0.56*** 0.54*** 0.57*** 0.60*** 0.53***
Mother’s nutritional status (Reference: mother is severely undernourished—MUAC < 21.3)
 Mother is not severely undernourished—MUAC ≥ 21.3) 0.61* 0.62* 0.65* 0.59** 0.62** 0.60* 0.60** 0.65*
 Mother with missing data 0.34*** 1.07 0.21*** 0.59 0.58* 0.34*** 0.42** 0.43**
 Child did not have diarrhoea in the last 14 days 0.64*** 0.75* 0.67*** 0.66*** 0.74** 0.75** 0.72** 0.73**
 Child did not have any other health problems (last 14 days) 0.60*** 0.65*** 0.60*** 0.70** 0.60*** 0.59*** 0.59*** 0.64***
Child age—months (Reference: 6–11)
 12–23 2.91*** 2.01** 2.78*** 2.61*** 1.99** 2.70*** 2.26*** 2.27***
 24–35 4.33*** 2.79*** 4.29*** 3.54*** 3.20*** 3.97*** 3.31*** 3.01***
 36–47 3.57*** 2.33*** 3.47*** 2.85*** 2.74*** 3.34*** 2.84*** 2.59***
 48–59 2.57*** 1.69* 2.59*** 2.18*** 1.85** 2.42*** 2.08*** 1.89**
 Constant 2.62 2.66 2.52 2.77 1.92 2.80 2.40 2.64
 Number of observations 4762 5548 5548 5548 5548 5548 5548 5548
  1. Source: NSPMS (2012–2013), round 4
  2. * P < 0.1
  3. ** P < 0.05
  4. *** P < 0.01