Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Descriptive statistics, all children aged 6–59 months—Yemen, 2013

From: Correlates of child undernutrition in Yemen

Variables description All children
Value Confidence interval
Lower bound Upper bound
Prevalence of stunting (dependent variable)
 Percentage of stunted children 42.60 37.92 47.27
 Percentage of severely stunted children 12.61 9.69 15.53
Distal factors (socioeconomic characteristics)
 Mother has secondary education 8.70 6.35 11.04
 Mother had no occupation in the last 30 days 44.11 38.95 49.27
 Female household head 3.60 2.51 4.69
 Level of poverty (Reference: extreme poor)
  Poor 14.77 11.02 18.51
  Moderate poor 27.55 23.15 31.95
  Vulnerable 18.68 15.14 22.21
  Non-poor 39.00 33.99 44.02
 Urban area of residence 18.85 14.13 23.58
 Topography (Reference: mountainous)
  Mountainous 41.81 35.31 48.31
  Arabian Sea coastal area 5.02 3.32 6.73
  Red Sea coastal area 19.57 13.36 25.79
  Plateau/Desert 33.59 28.08 39.10
 Access to agricultural land (Reference: none)
  None 53.43 48.59 58.27
  Owner + freely loaned 31.21 26.59 35.83
  Tenant 15.36 12.23 18.49
 Household raise some livestock 63.88 58.71 69.05
 SWF beneficiary status (Reference: non-beneficiary)
  Non-beneficiary 74.11 70.84 77.38
  Old-beneficiary 15.99 13.74 18.24
  New-beneficiary 9.90 7.77 12.04
Intermediate factors (environmental and maternal characteristics)
 Environmental characteristics
  Food consumption score (continuous) 57.00 54.87 59.13
  Number of days per week household members ate protein (continuous) 2.92 2.63 3.20
  Household members use bed net when sleeping 21.77 17.08 26.46
  Household has enough water for washing hands and members at least sometimes uses soap before eating or feeding a child, after using the latrine or cleaning a child’s faeces (Reference: Household has not enough water or never uses soap) 60.50 55.61 65.38
  Main source of water in the household is piped water (both inside the dwelling and inside the compound) 34.34 28.58 40.10
  Household members do not use improved toilet facilities: Pit latrine with slab as hole cover Pit latrine without slab/open hole; bucket; hanging toilet or latrine discharging to the open; no facilities/bush/field/in the open; flush toilet to outside the house or to unknown place (Reference: improved health facilities) 55.60 50.15 61.05
  Main source of fuel for cooking is gas or electricity—electricity is a residual category 55.11 49.18 61.05
  Household own at least one fridge 31.53 26.88 36.18
  Household own at least one radio and/or TV (Reference: does not own neither one) 70.54 65.84 75.23
  Household is located more than one hour from the nearest health facility 25.44 19.84 31.05
  Household size in terms of number of members (Reference: 1–4)
   1–4 8.15 4.88 11.42
   5–8 45.34 40.68 50.00
   9+ 46.51 42.73 50.29
  Percentage of the household members aged less than 60 months (continuous) 26.69 25.52 27.86
 Maternal characteristics
  Maternal age at time of survey (Reference: 15–24)
   15–24 21.68 17.96 25.40
   25–34 48.81 44.19 53.42
   35–44 22.32 18.58 26.07
   45+ 7.19 4.34 10.05
  Maternal age at first marriage (Reference: 10–14)
   10–14 7.95 6.10 9.79
   15–19 60.37 55.07 65.67
   20–24 21.17 17.37 24.97
   25+ 10.51 6.27 14.76
  Mother had at least 4 antenatal consultations in her last pregnancy occurred in the last 5 years 23.08 17.98 28.18
  Mother’s nutritional status (Reference: MUAC < 21.3)
   Mother is not severely undernourished—MUAC ≥ 21.3 82.63 78.76 86.50
   Mother is severely undernourished—MUAC < 21.3 11.86 8.77 14.95
   Mother has no information on MUAC 5.51 3.28 7.74
Proximal factors (individual characteristics)
 Child age in months (Reference: 6–11)
  6–11 9.31 7.53 11.10
  12–23 23.69 20.49 26.90
  24–35 24.16 21.58 26.74
  36–47 23.70 21.10 26.30
  48–59 19.13 16.58 21.69
 Child is a boy 51.52 47.37 55.67
 Child has received third dose of pentavalent vaccine 66.55 61.84 71.27
 Child didn’t have diarrhoea in the last 14 days 51.09 46.85 55.32
 Child didn’t have any other health problem in the last 14 days 63.50 59.01 67.99
 Number of observations 4762
  1. Source: NSPMS (2012–2013), round 4